The nyala (Tragelaphus angasii) is an antelope native to Southeastern Africa. It is characterized by its marked sexual dimorphism and its majestic curved horns, a feature it shares with the other antelopes of the Tragelaphus genus.

Scientific name:

Tragelaphus angasii


Tragelaphus angasii








Herbivore: foliage, fruit, and grasses.


220-240 days.

Number of puppies



Around 20 years.


Between 121-308 pounds.


Between 53-77 inches.

Biology of the Nyala antelope

The nyala is a relative of the bongo (Tragelaphus eurycerus) and has the same vertical white stripes that cover its body. However, male nyalas have much more fur and also have a few circular white spots.

This species has clear sexual dimorphism. Males, which can weigh up to 275 pounds, are considerably larger than females, which weigh around 127 pounds. Likewise, while males have abundant fur that is quite dark—almost black—females’ fur is light brown with a white area on the stomach. Another of the most notable aspects of males is their enormous antlers, which are curved in a spiral and tip backwards. They can measure up to 32 inches long.

Habitat of the Nyala

The nyala is a relatively common antelope in the countries of Southeastern Africa. Its area of distribution includes South Africa, Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Malawi, and Swaziland. Most populations are found in protected areas, such as the Gorongosa National Park in Mozambique.

Its habitat includes dense forests, savannas, and scrubland where they can graze and water is not scarce.

Diet of the Nyala

Like all antelope, the nyala is an herbivore with a diet that mainly includes foliage, fruit, grasses, and seeds. It prefers areas where water is abundant. It is active at dawn and at dusk, when temperatures are cooler. Its main predators are the lion and the leopard. 

Reproduction of the Nyala antelope

Females reach sexual maturity at one year of age and males at 18 months. The mating seasons for these African antelope are in spring and autumn. After around seven months of gestation, the nyala gives birth to a single offspring.

The nyala does not display signs of territoriality. It tends to live in mixed-gender groups of up to 10 individuals, although it is also possible to find adult males on their own. It is quite cautious and skittish in nature, so it is difficult to spot this animal.

Degree of threat


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Southeastern Africa.