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Nile lechwe

The Nile lechwe or Mrs Gray’s lechwe (Kobus megaceros) is a species of antelope native to Africa, specifically to Southern Ethiopia and Sudan. It is characterized by its short snout and its big, slightly wavy, ribbed horns that are shaped like a lyre. Thanks to its thick fur, it is protected from the water, where it is able to move around much better than on land.

Scientific name:

Kobus megaceros

Species:

Kobus megaceros

Family:

Bovidae

Order:

Artiodactyla

Class:

Mammals

Diet

Herbivore

Pregnancy

235 days

Number of puppies

1

Lifespan

Up to 11 years in captivity

Weight

Up to 264 pounds

Size

Up to 65 inches long

Characteristics of the Nile lechwe

This mammal displays marked sexual dimorphism, which means that the sexes of this species have different appearances. Whereas males are brown and have a white patch on their necks, females have a reddish coat. In addition, they have small white spots over their eyes. Another detail is that the males are somewhat bigger than females and their horns are longer and more curved.

Habitat of the Nile lechwe

It is believed that a few specimens can still be found in the wild in Sudan. However, in Ethiopia, they are only found in the Gambela National Park. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), this species is endangered.

The Nile lechwe lives in areas that have seasonal flooding and as such, its body is adapted to living in swampy areas. It has very large, slender hooves that are adapted to walking on muddy ground.

What does the Nile lechwe eat?

The Nile lechwe is a grazing animal, so it has special interest in wet or flooded areas, as it mainly eats grass and foliage.

Reproduction of the Nile lechwe

Both males and females reach sexual maturity at two years of age. From that time, mating can occur at practically any time of the year. They usually have one offspring per gestation. Approximately one month after birth, the female ovulates and mating can again take place.

Fun facts about the Nile lechwe

This species has such extreme sexual dimorphism that males and females do not appear to be the same species.

They are also generally more active at dawn and dusk and are accustomed to living in herds of up to 50 individuals, as they are quite sociable animals.

Degree of threat

Endangered


Location


You can find me in this area of the park.

Download the map

Habitat


Meadows and wetlands.